Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed this piece, Piano Sonata No. 11 around 1783 in Vienna or Salzburg. It is a 3-movement Sonata, with all pieces being in A major or A minor. Because of this, it is consider homotonal. (Wikipedia, Piano Sonato No.11) Notice how this contrasts to the polyphonic music of the Renaissance, and also how much more pleasant it is to listen to than the complex compositions.
The three movements of this sonata are broken down into the following: 1. Andante grazioso 2. Menuetto 3. Alla Turca: Allegretto. The third portion, Alla Turca, is widely popular and is often simply called Turkish Rondo (Wikipedia, Piano Sonato No.11).
Mozart was a child prodigy and toured Europe. Throughout his life, he wrote over 600 pieces in German and Italian. As is all too common with celebrities and performers, Mozart suffered from depression. Tragically, he died at the age of 35, and was placed in a common, unmarked grave.(Uaf blackboard amt200, Wikipedia)
I chose this composition because of its personal meaning to me. When my first child was born, I received a compilation of Mozart’s music to play to soothe the baby. Now, three boys later, we still listen to it. This song, with its joyful notes, will always remind me of those years and bring me a reminiscent smile.